Parámetros vocales para definir la severidad de una disfonía
Portada Vol. 2, Num. 2.
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Palabras clave

Voz
disfonía
fonación
trastornos de la voz
calidad de la voz
signos y síntomas
evaluación
vocología
rehabilitación
parámetros
severidad

Cómo citar

Calvache-Mora, C. (2020). Parámetros vocales para definir la severidad de una disfonía. Revista De Investigación E Innovación En Ciencias De La Salud, 2(2), 14–30. https://doi.org/10.46634/riics.39

Resumen

Introducción: la severidad de una disfonía da cuenta del grado de alteración que tiene una voz en relación con todos los procesos fisiológicos involucrados con la producción del sonido. Es importante determinar el nivel de severidad a fin de establecer un programa con el conjunto de ejercicios que permitan una rehabilitación apropiada.

Objetivo: comprender si el comportamiento de los diferentes parámetros aerodinámicos, electroglotográficos, acústicos y de autorreporte vocal permite o no determinar la severidad de una disfonía.

Método: se evaluaron 55 sujetos con diferentes tipos de disfonía según parámetros aerodinámicos, electroglotográficos, acústicos y de autorreporte vocal. La muestra fue dividida en 3 grupos de acuerdo con el grado de gravedad de la patología. Se aplicó un análisis de varianza para comparar el comportamiento de las variables dependientes en relación con los niveles de severidad de la disfonía. Con el fin de determinar las diferencias entre estos niveles, se aplicó la prueba Post hoc (Tukey) a las variables significativas.

Resultados: es posible determinar el nivel de severidad de una disfonía a partir de parámetros acústicos como el CPP, HNR y el cociente de pendiente espectral 1/5-5/8Khz. También se puede hacer por medio de cuestionarios de autorreporte vocal como el VOISS, el VHI y el VTDS.

https://doi.org/10.46634/riics.39
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Citas

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