Efectos del entrenamiento respiratorio aislado en las variables respiratorias y vocales
Portada Vol. 2, Num. 2.
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Palabras clave

Entrenamiento respiratorio
vocología
rehabilitación vocal
entrenamiento vocal
fuerza respiratoria
función respiratoria
profesionales de la voz
espiración
inspiración
terapia de la voz

Cómo citar

Acevedo, K., & Guzmán, M. (2020). Efectos del entrenamiento respiratorio aislado en las variables respiratorias y vocales. Revista De Investigación E Innovación En Ciencias De La Salud, 2(2), 56–69. https://doi.org/10.46634/riics.51

Resumen

La implementación del entrenamiento respiratorio aislado en la rehabilitación y el entrenamiento de la voz es una práctica común en los países de habla hispana. Actualmente, no existe ningún manuscrito en español que revise la información teórica y empírica del entrenamiento respiratorio en este contexto. El propósito de la presente revisión es entregar la evidencia actualizada del efecto del entrenamiento respiratorio aislado en la voz. El entrenamiento de la fuerza respiratoria ha demostrado tener consecuencias positivas en los parámetros medidos; no obstante, los datos disponibles hasta ahora no reporta efectos significativos en la voz, exceptuando los casos de personas con trastornos neurológicos de base y presbifonía. Si el entrenamiento respiratorio con el uso de dispositivos no ha demostrado impactar favorablemente sobre otras disfonías (no neurológicas ni presbifonía) ni en sujetos sanos profesionales de la voz, no existiría razón para esperar que los ejercicios respiratorios aislados que se suelen incluir en las rutinas de entrenadores vocales, fonoaudiólogos, logopedas y foniatras tengan un efecto positivo. Considerando que el entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular respiratoria parece actuar sobre algunos parámetros vocales en personas con alteraciones neurológicas y presbifonía, futuras investigaciones deberían considerar la exploración del posible efecto positivo en otros parámetros vocales no medidos aún en este tipo de población.

https://doi.org/10.46634/riics.51
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